Wax Plug

What is ear wax?

Ear wax, also called earwax, is made by the body to protect the ears. The wax has both lubricating and antibacterial properties. Most of the time, the old wax is moved through the ear canal through movements such as chewing and other jaw movements and as the skin of the canal grows from the inside out. At that point, it reaches the outside of the ear and flakes off. The wax is produced on the outside of the ear canal, not deep inside the ear.


What does it mean when the wax turns into a plug?

We say that a plug of wax forms when it has accumulated in the ear canal to the point that there are signs that something is wrong. It is important to note that, for most people, the ears will never need cleaning - they are designed to clean themselves. Wax build-up and blockage often occurs when people use things like cotton swabs or hairpins to try to clean their ears. This only pushes the wax into the ears and can also cause ear injury.

What are the symptoms of a wax plug?

  • A feeling of pressure or plugging
  • Pain in the ear
  • Difficulty hearing, which may continue to get worse
  • Ringing in the ears (ringing in the ears)
  • Itchy sensation in the ear
  • discharge from the ear
  • An odor coming from the ear
  • dizziness

Who suffers from earwax build-up?

Earwax buildup can happen to anyone. However, it is more likely to happen to:

  • People who wear hearing aids or earplugs
  • People who put cotton swabs or other items in their ears
  • Older people
  • People with developmental disabilities
  • People with ear canals that have a shape that interferes with the natural way of getting rid of wax.

How is earwax plug diagnosed?

Your doctor can look inside your ears with a special instrument, called an otoscope, to see if there is a buildup of earwax.

How is earwax plug treated?

Earwax can be removed in several ways; some of these methods can be done at home.

  • Clean the outside of the ear with a cloth.
  • Put cerumenolytic solutions (solutions that dissolve wax) in the ear canal - these solutions include mineral oils, baby oils, glycerin, peroxide-based ear drops, hydrogen peroxide, and saline solutions.
  • Irrigate or syringe the ear - this involves using a syringe to flush the ear canal with water or a saline solution, usually after the wax has been softened or dissolved by a cerumenolytic.
  • Remove wax manually using special instruments - this should be done only by a medical professional who may use a wax spoon, forceps, or a suction instrument.

Note: Irrigation should not be done by or to a person who has, or thinks may have, a perforation (hole) in his eardrum or tubes in the affected ears.

Commercially available suction instruments for home use (such as the WaxVac) are not effective for most people and therefore are not recommended. Ear candles, advertised as a natural method of removing ear wax, are not only ineffective, but they can also cause ear injury. Injuries include burns to the outer ear and ear canal and perforation of the eardrum.

What are the possible complications of a wax plug or obstruction?
If left untreated, having too much wax in the ears can cause earwax clogging symptoms to get worse. These symptoms can include hearing loss, ear irritation, etc. A buildup of earwax can also make it difficult to see inside the ear, potentially resulting in the inability to diagnose problems.
How can wax clogging or plugging be prevented?
Don't put anything in your ears to clean them. Use the cotton buds only on the outside of the ear. If you have a severe enough problem with ear wax that you need a medical professional to remove it more than once a year, talk to them to see what prevention method (if any) might work best for you. .
Please consult your healthcare provider for information about a specific medical condition.

Source: Cleveland

It has been created a genetic patch to prevent hereditary deafness

Researchers at the Radboud University Medical Center (Netherlands) have developed a

genetic patch to prevent hereditary deafness, thanks to the fact that it is able to eliminate

hearing cell problems.


Hereditary deafness can manifest itself in different ways. Often the defect

hereditary (mutation) immediately causes deafness from birth. Sometimes,

as with DFNA9, you experience initial hearing problems after forty,

fifty, sixty years. This has a lot to do with the way DFNA9 works mechanically.

Each person gets half of their genes from their father and half from their mother. Yes

you have two healthy copies of the DFNA9 gene, your inner ear functions normally.

If you receive a mutated copy of the gene from your father or mother, deafness will develop further

forward in life.


We now know that a sufficient amount of DFNA9 protein is actually produced

associated with a single copy of the healthy gene so that you can hear well for life. But there is

a problem with this condition, as the mutated protein is, in a way,

disrupting the function of healthy protein. It sticks to it, so the protein

healthy can't do its job anymore. As a result, the waste is accumulate,

hearing cells begin to malfunction, and even die over time.


After years of normal hearing,  patients suddenly notice that

his hearing is deteriorating, experts have explained.

The specific mutation of DFNA9 appears to have its origin in a common ancestor in the south

from the Netherlands, somewhere at the end of the Middle Ages. This can be deducted more or

less than the spread of the rather unique clinical manifestation, which is now

estimated to occur in approximately 1500 people in the Netherlands (south) and


Perhaps even more important than the origin of the disease is, according to

researchers, if anything can be done about it. This condition has two characteristics

favorable for the development of therapy. First of all, it is an inherited condition that

it only manifests itself after a few decades of life. In case there is

effective treatment for this disease, a period of time is available


wide enough to apply before hearing loss really hits , have detailed.

The other point, developing an effective therapy, is a bit more complicated, but offers

good starting points. The idea is that by specifically deactivating the copy of the gene

mutated deafness can be prevented. Without this copy of the mutated gene,

it will not be produced no mutant proteins and protein clustering will no longer occur. In addition, a

a single copy of a healthy gene produces enough protein to support good hearing. ''

experts have argued.





Symptoms of tension syndrome

Tension syndrome appears due to the blockage of one or more muscles in the cervical area.

This type of contracture appears frequently in people who work in front of the computer by keeping the muscles in the same position,

but it can also appear due to stress. The contraction causes pain in the area and disrupts the normal function of the muscle.

The patient usually has pain in the cervical area caused by contractures accompanied by a headache.

Sometimes the pressure caused by muscular tensions can cause tinnitus or buzzing to appear, patients describe it as a plugging of the ear and a constant ringing.

Other symptoms may be dizziness, dizziness, and sometimes tingling in the hands.

These symptoms affect the quality of life of people who suffer from this ailment that can occur every day or several times a week.

What Causes Tension Syndrome?

The causes of tension syndrome can be due to different factors:

Physical causes

Rest is essential for health; habits, posture, mattress or pillow can compromise our spine.

Another factor to take into account is work, spending the day in front of the computer, in static positions or carrying too much weight can affect postural correction.

Emotional causes

People who suffer from a stress disorder or depression tend to not get enough rest and to be in tension, any movement could cause a muscle contracture.

Treatment of tension syndrome

Go to your specialist if you suffer any of these symptoms so that he can carry out a study and a diagnosis, ruling out other possible pathologies.

Once the tension syndrome is diagnosed, the problem that causes it must be identified and thus remedied.

It may be necessary to see a physical therapist to eliminate the contracture.

By achieving relaxation of the muscles and following postural correction guidelines, headaches and neck pain subside, as will tinnitus and dizziness.

On other occasions, the patient must go to a therapist to help cope with stressful situations.


Source: kiversal


Did you know that hearing function can also be affected by allergies? Carlos Martínez, speech therapist specializing in audiology and professor of the speech therapy course at the San Sebastián University, explains that it is. “This is due to an anatomical and structural relationship. The middle ear connects with the rhinopharynx (that is, the part of the throat that is at the level of the nose) through a tube called the 'Eustachian tube' or 'auditory tube'. Then, when allergic rhinitis occurs, an inflammation of the mucosa that covers the entire rhinopharynx is generated and that also includes the entrance of the tuba ”, the academic details.

This causes a dysfunction in the opening of this duct, generating difficulties for the ventilation of the middle ear. “The latter continues to work, but not in the optimal conditions of air pressure, which can cause a feeling of a blocked ear, tinnitus (sensation of whistling), mild or even moderate hearing loss in cases where the condition becomes an otitis media ”, he points out.

Now, being allergic to seasonal pollen does not imply that symptoms will always appear at the auditory level. This will depend on how severe the person's allergic reaction is, which can range from mild to severe.

Regarding the relief of the symptoms of allergy associated with the ears, Carlos Martínez explains that this will come as the allergic reaction in general is regulated. "If the patient feels that the symptoms caused by the allergic reaction have a significant impact on their activities of daily life, it is best to consult a specialist who provides treatment with appropriate medications for the person and the characteristics of their allergic condition" he adds.

How do I know that it is an allergy and not another condition and / or disease?

Because the symptoms that people present generally do not have a high impact on their quality of life beyond the itchiness, congestion, and runny nose, seasonal allergic rhinitis tends to be trivialized by the patient. However, if the symptoms remain over time or are very strong in their degree of severity, people should attend a medical consultation in order to rule out any complications.

"In general, the sensation of a blocked ear and other auditory symptoms are intermittent and are related to the level of severity and the duration of the nasal congestion," says the USS academic. If hearing loss, tinnitus and / or a feeling of a blocked ear are symptoms associated with severe earache or headache, severe itching of the ear canal, otorrhea (discharge of foul-smelling fluid from the ears), presence of vertigo, dizziness and / or difficulties in balance, an ENT specialist should be consulted. "In this way it is possible to rule out hearing loss or hearing loss, acoustic trauma due to exposure to high intensity noise, labyrinthitis and otitis media, among other pathologies associated with hearing," adds Carlos Martínez.

Now, if the symptoms associated with allergy are prolonged over time, with or without the presence of congestion and / or runny nose, then you should also consult an ENT specialist, concludes the expert.


- http://www.ipsuss.cl

Recent studies support the direct relationship between healthy diet and hearing.

According to the WHO, hearing loss affects 8% of the population. Furthermore, more than 5% of the world (466 million) suffer from hearing loss. More than 900 million people - one in ten - are expected to suffer from hearing loss by 2050. Currently, one third of people over 65 suffer from hearing loss.


If someone suffers from hearing loss when they are not able to hear as well as a person whose sense of hearing is normal, that is, whose hearing threshold in both ears is equal to or greater than 25 dB. Hearing loss can be mild, moderate, severe, or profound. It affects one or both ears and involves difficulties in maintaining a conversation, relating normally or listening to television among others. Also, the causes of hearing loss can be congenital or caused by prolonged exposure to very loud sounds.


Healthier dietary patterns have been associated with a lower risk of hearing loss. However, to date there have been no prospective studies on how diet affects the hearing threshold.

Now, recent research supports that the Mediterranean diet and the Diet against hypertension help prevent it. They have found that eating a healthy diet can reduce the risk of acquired hearing loss.


In a retrospective study, they examined changes over three years in hearing sensitivities. A total of 3,135 women participated between 2012 and 2018. The researchers found that women who followed commonly recommended healthy eating patterns, as well as dietary approaches against hypertension, had a substantially lower risk of decreased hearing sensitivity. The team's findings were published in the "American Journal of Epidemiology."


In conclusion, “there are modifiable potential risks that affect hearing loss. In this way, by changing our diet and lifestyle we can prevent or delay hearing loss ”. Sharon Curhan, principal investigator and physician and epidemiologist in Brigham’s Channing Network Medicine Division.


On the one hand, some studies link the consumption of certain foods with a lower risk of hearing loss. Food stand here with carotenoids, beta-carotene and beta-cryptoxanthin, found in pumpkin, carrots, oranges and other fruits and vegetables. They also help foods with folates, found in legumes and green leafy vegetables among others. Finally, we can not forget omega 3 long-chain, present in seafood.


On the other hand, some tests have found that potassium and zinc are good allies of hearing. Thus, in the same way that we drink milk to keep our bones strong, bananas would help our hearing.


In conclusion, environmental factors such as diet and stress can cause irreversible damage to our hearing.


The author of the research insists: “Our study did not directly examine the causal mechanisms. However, a healthier diet can influence these processes and protect against hearing loss through a number of mechanisms, including protection against oxidative damage, promotion of beneficial blood lipids, better endothelial function, lower blood pressure. and less inflammation; all of them can confer protection against vascular compromise (reduced blood flow) and against neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration ”.




  • Heuzenroeder, C. (2018). Los plátanos pueden proteger contra la pérdida auditiva, según una nueva investigación. ABC News.
  • Matey, P. (2019). La ciencia demuestra qué dieta previene la pérdida auditiva. Alimente.
  • Sordera y pérdida de audición (2019). OMS.
  • Sharon G Curhan, C. H. (2019). Estudio prospectivo de patrones dietéticos y disminución del umbral auditivo,. American Journal of Epidemiology.
  • Veiga de Cabo, Jorge, Fuente Díez, Elena de la, & Zimmermann Verdejo, Marta. (2008). Modelos de estudios en investigación aplicada: conceptos y criterios para el diseño. Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, 54(210), 81-88.